Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,810 words)

A supported horizontal surface that facilitates actions like working, writing or eating. There is no precise equivalent in classical Arabic for this English term. Words like minḍada, sufra and simāṭ only signify “table” by derivation; their basic meanings are respectively “a device where mats, carpets or cushions are piled up,” “food provision for the traveler,” and “a cloth or coat upon which the dishes are put.” By contrast, several designations for “table” entered Arabic from neighboring, non-Semitic languages. These include mēz and khiwān from Persian, ṭarabēza from Greek, ṭāwu…

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Radscheit, Matthias, “Table”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 24 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00412>

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