Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(629 words)

Hard bony appendages found in the mouths of vertebrates that assist in the chewing of food, as well as in defense and the capturing of prey. The word for tooth ( sinn) occurs once in the Qurʾān, in a verse that refers to the biblical lex talionis (law of retaliation [q.v.]): “We prescribed for them [the Jews; see jews and judaism ] therein [in the Torah (q.v.)]: life (q.v.) for life, eye for eye (see eyes ), nose for nose, ear for ear (q.v.), tooth for tooth, and for injuries like retaliation. If someone forgoes (retaliation) out of charity, it shall be an expiation for him. …

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Stewart, Devin J., “Teeth”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 10 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00414>

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