Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(2,409 words)

The distinctive Christian doctrine of one God in three persons, directly alluded to three times in the Qurʾān. The overwhelmingly powerful assertion in the Qurʾān that God is absolutely one rules out any notion that another being could share his sovereignty (q.v.) or nature (see god and his attributes ). The text abounds with deni-als that there could be two gods ( q 16:51) and that he could have partners (e.g. q 6:163; 10:18, 28-9; 23:91; see polytheism and atheism ) or relations ( q 6:100; 16:57; 17:111; 25:2; 112:3) and explicitly repudiates the idea that he took Jesus (q.v.) as his son ( q 4:…

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Thomas, David, “Trinity”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 13 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00428>

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