Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(2,211 words)

That which is established by evidential or experiential proof. A number of qurʾānic lexemes convey this significance ( ḥaqq, qayyim, ṣawāb, ṣadaqa/ ṣidq), ḥaqq being the most prevalent. Evidence abounds in the Muslim tradition to support a multivalent understanding of ḥaqq as alternatively “true” or “real,” yet that is only the beginning of a story with a pre-history. “The original meaning of the Arabic root ḥ-q-q has been obscured but can be recovered by reference to the corresponding root in Hebrew with its meanings of (a) ‘to cut in, engrave’ in wood, stone or metal, (b) ‘to inscrib…

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Burrell, David B., “Truth”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 05 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00431>

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