Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access

(645 words)

Success, often in the face of military aggression. The principal meanings of “victory” in the Qurʾān are conveyed by derivatives of the verbal roots f-t-ḥ, n-ṣ-r, f-w-z, and gh-l-b. Particularly in the case of fatḥ, a specific military meaning can pertain to the defeat of one's foes in battle (see expeditions and battles; fighting; enemies) and, by extension, conquest, as in the opening verses of q 48, entitled “Victory” (Sūrat al-Fatḥ), and referring to the conquest of Mecca in 8/630 by the Prophet and the early Muslims. More often than not reference to aspects of an es…

Cite this page
Gordon, Matthew S., “Victory”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 26 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00443>

▲   Back to top   ▲