Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,764 words)

Moral excellence. Qurʾānic terminology has no exact equivalent to “virtue” or to the Greek word areté but it deals with how moral excellence is taught, the noble ideals of the righteous person and the virtues of a God-fearing society (for virtue in the sense of sexual propriety, see modesty; chastity). Ethical reflection as such, including the question of what constitutes a virtuous act, was taken up by Muslim thinkers over time in a variety of genres (see ethics and the qurʾān ). Yet the Qurʾān's message is steeped in moral categories: “God poured out his favor on the beli…

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Johnston, David, “Virtue”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 22 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00446>

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