Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Waiting Period
(914 words)

The period that must be observed by a married couple after separation. Waiting periods are known in many cultures. Within the Qurʾān this concept is expressed by two Arabic words: tarabbaṣa or tarabbuṣ, literally “waiting,” and by ʿidda, literally “number.” The first word appears in q 2:226, 228, 234 and seems to be the earlier expression because the verses in which the term ʿidda is used ( q 33:49; 65:1, 4) answer questions that must have been raised from rules stipulated in q 2 (see law and the qurʾān ). The clear relation between the two groups of verses shows that the word ʿidda in this conte…

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Motzki, Harald, “Waiting Period”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 01 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00451>

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