Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(2,839 words)

The compound of oxygen and hydrogen on which every form of life depends. Of the four Heraclean elements, water has the highest number of attestations in the Qurʾān and appears in the greatest variety of forms. In its general sense, it is designated by the Arabic word māʾ. It subsists in the sky as clouds ( saḥāb, muzn, muʿṣirāt, ghamāma, ʿarḍ), falls to the earth as rain ( māʾ min al-samāʾ, wadq, maṭar), or hail ( barad; see weath…

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Johns, Anthony H., “Water”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 11 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00215>

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