Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Witnessing and Testifying
(9,637 words)

Perceiving something and giving evidence of it. These two notions are distinct from each other but interrelated, insofar as the one is the prerequisite of the other. Also, the act of perception results in knowledge that can later be passed on, and so may be considered to be oriented towards the future; bearing evidence, by contrast, refers to the past. Thus, witnessing and testifying establishes a cha…

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Radscheit, Matthias, “Witnessing and Testifying”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 09 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00218>

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