Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(714 words)

The time required for the earth to complete a revolution around the sun. ʿĀm and sana, the qurʾānic Arabic words for “year,” raise questions of both meaning and chronology. q 29:14, “1000 years (alf sanatin) save 50 (khamsīn ʿāman),” contains both words and implies their equivalence. Al-Zamakhsharī (d. 538/1144; see exegesis of the qurʾān: classical and medieval ) explains in the Kashshāf that the repetition of the same word should be avoided and that writing “950 years” would require more words. The Qurʾān's phrasing, as opposed to “1000,” also conveyed precision. q 22:47, “a day wit…

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Morrison, Robert G., “Year”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 07 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00467>

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