Action Nouns
(689 words)

Abstract

There are several suffixes deriving nouns of action in Greek (-sis, -sí-ā, -eí-ā, -mós, -tū́s). In this article their productivity and distribution are discussed.

In Greek, action nouns ( nomina actionis) are derived by means of the following suffixes (Derivational Morphology):

i.
-sis (<*tis)
ii.
-sí-ā
iii.
-eí-ā
iv.
-mós and -ma
v.
-tū́s

(i) -sis is the most productive action suffix: lú-ō ‘loosen’ > lú-sis ‘loos(en)ing, setting free’. It goes back to PIE *-ti (phú-sis ‘nature’ < *bhū-ti, cf. Skt. bhū́-ti ~ bhū-tí ‘being…

Cite this page
Vit Bubenik, “Action Nouns”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 28 June 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_000025>
First published online: 2013



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