Aspiration
(789 words)

Abstract

Classical Greek aspiration (/h/) was a phoneme almost restricted to word-initial position (spiritus asper, pneûma dasú).

Aspiration is the friction made by the air passing through an open glottis (Eng. heaven /ˈhεvən/). In Classical Greek /h/ was a phoneme almost restricted to word-initial position. Archaic alphabets used the sign <Η> (originally called hêta, see Sch. D. T., p. 486, 32-35) for aspiration. Although <Η> was gradually abandoned after the 4th c. BCE, due to the extension of the Ionic script (in which <Η> was r…

Cite this page
Alcorac Alonso Déniz, “Aspiration”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 25 June 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000419>
First published online: 2013



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