(724 words)


Consonants are segments whose articulation involves total or partial obstruction of the airstream at some point within the vocal tract. Greek had the consonants /p t k b d g pʰ tʰ kʰm ns l r h/.

1. Introduction

The Classical Attic consonant inventory is comprised of the following 15 phonemes ( Lejeune 1955 and Brixhe 1996 are more detailed studies; Lejeune 1972, Meier-Brügger 1992, Rix 1992, and Sihler 1995 present the diachronic developments; Sturtevant 1940 and Allen 1…

Cite this page
David Goldstein, “Consonants”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 21 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2013

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