(703 words)


Crasis is the contraction of a word-final and a word-initial vowel naturally originating from oral speech and used by poets for metrical purposes.

Crasis (krâsis, a ‘mixture’ of two vowels) as a phonetic phenomenon of metrics (Metron; Metrical Laws) is a kind of spontaneous sound change which naturally originates in oral language and affects a word-final and a word-initial vowel, the latter immediately following the former, in causing a contraction of both, but with different results (Vowel Changes). This sound change is …

Cite this page
Matthias Fritz, “Crasis”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 21 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2013

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