(545 words)

Some dissimilative processes are attested from the dialects of pre-Islamic Arabic tribes, such as dissimilation of m before b (mā smuka > bā smuka ‘what is your name?’), dissimilation of m after w (wamad > wabad ‘strong heat’), elision of m before n (minxafat > ʾinxafat ‘air pump’) (cf. Fleisch 1961:80).

The behavior of semivowels in weak verbal roots (especially IIw/y) may also be viewed as affected by a process of dissimilation. In some positions, the underlying w/y changes into other consonants, mostly ʾ ( glottal stop), as in *muwaqqatun > muʾaqqatun ‘temporary’, *qāwilun > qāʾilun ‘s…

Cite this page
Petr Zemánek, “Dissimilation”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 23 March 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_0027>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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