Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(1,597 words)

In a feature typical of Bedouin dialects, a short vowel a follows a morpheme-internal back spirant (X), whenever this X is preceded by a. This type of vowel insertion had been described previously, in varying degrees of detail, by, for example, Wetzstein (1868:185–186, 191), Cantineau (1936:66), Mitchell (1960:388), and Johnstone (1964:80), before Blanc dubbed it the ‘gahawah-syndrome’ (1970:125–127).

Although known as a general characteristic of ‘Bedouin’ dialects – Blanc states that it is found “only in gāl dialects” (1970:127, n. 29) – the syndrome has been reported …

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Rudolf de Jong, “Gahawa-Syndrome”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 17 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0008>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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