(3,703 words)

1. The definition of greetings

The term ‘greetings’ refers to any verbal behavior that a speaker engages in upon recognizing another, or one that has the function of recognition of an encounter with a person as socially acceptable (Firth 1972:1). Greetings are also defined as the set of linguistic and/or nonlinguistic devices used for the initial management of encounters (Yusuf a.o. 1…

Cite this page
Nagwa Elzeiny, “Greetings”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 23 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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