Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(1,158 words)

ʾIbdāl or badal ‘permutation’ is a term used for two distinct phenomena in Arabic linguistics. ʾIbdāl naḥwī ‘grammatical ʾibdāl’ refers to certain, mainly morphophonological, changes in verbs, nouns, and particles, whereas ʾibdāl luġawī ‘lexical ʾibdāl’ refers to phonologically and semantically related doublets, triplets, or longer series in the lexicon. In both cases, only consonants (as defined by Arab grammarians, i.e. including the ‘weak consonants’ w, y, ʾalif) are concerned; variation of…

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Jaakko Hämeen-Anttila, “ʾIbdāl”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 31 March 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_vol2_0039>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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