Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(674 words)

The term ʾilġāʾ lit. ‘nullification, annulment’ is used in Arabic grammar to denote the opposite of ʿamal ‘government’. It is applied to sentences in which the expected government relations have been canceled. The term is related to laġw (synonyms ḥašw and zāʾid), which is used for redundant elements in the sentence (on the meaning of laġw, see Talmon 2003:222–223).

ʾIlġāʾ was analyzed by Carter (1973:156), who translates it as ‘neutralization’ and defines it as a process “by which elements are deprived of their operative effect”. He refers to Sībawayhi (Kitāb I, 243.6), who explain…

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Kees Versteegh, “ʾIlġāʾ”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 05 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0020>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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