Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(2,241 words)

The term ʾisnād and words derived from it indicate in Arabic grammar the connection between a noun and its predicate, or the act of assigning a predicate to a subject (Levin 1981:157). The central point in the analysis of the sentence in Arabic grammar is the distinction between nominal (ʾismiyya) and verbal (fiʿliyya) sentences, each with their own constituents. The nominal sentence is built on a topic/comment structure, with the topic (mubtadaʾ; ibtidāʾ) and the comment (xabar) as basic constituents, whereas the verbal sentence consists of a verb (fiʿl; this term is synonymous wi…

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Kees Versteegh, “ʾIsnād”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 16 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0033>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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