Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Māḍī and Muḍāriʿ
(3,161 words)

Māḍī and muḍāriʿ are two terms for the verb in its apparent temporal or aspectual modes. They are part of the oldest vocabulary of Arabic grammar, occurring already in the opening pages of the Kitāb of Sībawayhi (d. ca. 180/796), where verbs are classified as māḍī lit. ‘having passed, elapsed’, or muḍāriʿ ‘resembling’, an abbreviation for fiʿl muḍāriʿ li-sm al-fāʿil ‘verb resembling the agent noun’. Since there is no firm evidence that they were in use much before Sibawayhi’s time, they probably arose in the period of his association with the pioneers o…

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Michael G. Carter, “Māḍī and Muḍāriʿ”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 26 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_vol3_0200>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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