Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Mafʿūl fīhi
(2,962 words)

In the canonical theory of the Arabic grammarians, the term mafʿūl fīhi indicates the adverbial adjunct of time and place as one of the complements of the verb. Adjuncts usually have an accusative ending, both in Classical and in Modern Standard Arabic, e.g. ṣumtu ramaḍāna ‘I fasted during Ramadan’, sirtu farsaxayni ‘I walked two parasangs’, sa-ʾad̄habu g̣adan ‘I'm going away tomorrow’, qumtu xalfa-ka ‘I stood up behind you’. In the case of place adverbials, a prepositional phrase is preferred when the location is specified, e.g. ṣallaytu fī masjidi n-nabiyyi ‘I prayed in the Proph…

Cite this page
Kees Versteegh, “Mafʿūl fīhi”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 20 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol3_0079>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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