Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(2,888 words)

1. Introduction

The term nisba refers to an adjective which is derived from a noun. The nisba is sometimes called ʾiḍāfa (Sībawayhi, Kitāb III, 335). It is first aimed at creating adjectives related to countries, tribes, cities, and persons ( Ibn ʿAqīl, Šarḥ II, 471) and thus plays an important role in personal names (see Sec. 5).

There are many ways in Arabic to form the nisba: (i) in…

Cite this page
Rene-Vincent du Grandlaunay, “Nisba”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 14 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_vol3_0230>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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