Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Vowel Raising
(1,474 words)

In spoken Arabic, vocalic segments are subject to a wide range of qualitative variations, most of them being determined by the consonantal environment (vowel backing). One of these changes concerns the raising and fronting of the vowel [a] in medial position (i.e. inside the word) and/or in final position (i.e. at the end of feminine nouns and adjectives that are morphologically marked by the ending [a] in Arabic). This process – referred to by the Arab grammarians with the term ʾimāla – is often connected with the phenomenon of umlaut and defined as “the inclination of [a] due to t…

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Melissa Barkat-Defradas, “Vowel Raising”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 16 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_0140>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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