Concessions and Settlements
(2,212 words)

1. Overview

Territory controlled by foreign powers in China took various forms. A Treaty Port was not considered an urban colony until it possessed closed foreign residential areas in which the local population came into contact with foreign rulers. In contrast to the leased territories, they were small inner-city districts. In 1935, the International Settlement in Shanghai reached its largest expa…

Cite this page
Osterhammel, Jürgen, “Concessions and Settlements”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 28 June 2017
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018



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