Encyclopedias
(826 words)

Encyclopedias in the European meaning of the word never existed in traditional China. Nevertheless, since the 2nd century BCE there were handbooks with encyclopedic features which systematically collected information about certain areas of knowledge, depending on the context in which they were written. Since the 11th century bibliographers have summarized these works under the term leishu (books structured according to captions). Chinese bibliography adheres to the convention of designating the Huanglan (Reference Materials for the Emperor, 3rd century) as the first wo…

Cite this page
Kaderas, Christoph, “Encyclopedias”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 19 October 2017
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018



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