Non-Chinese Substrates
(1,809 words)

The term substrate (or substratum) is frequently encountered in discussions of linguistic development. According to Thomason and Kaufman (1988:38), “substratum interference is a subtype of interference that results from imperfect group learning during a process of language shift.” They further state (1988:39) that “[substratum interference] does not begin with vocabulary but with sounds and syntax and sometimes includes morphology well before words.” However, it…

Cite this page
Jerry NORMAN †, “Non-Chinese Substrates”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 15 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2015

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