Rù 入 Tone Development in Běijīng Mandarin
(3,842 words)

The evolution of the Middle Chinese checked 入-tone (“entering tone” or “rùshēng 入聲”) syllables into the unchecked syllables of present-day Běijīng Mandarin—whose pronunciation is the basis for that of Modern Standard Chinese—has been of particular interest to linguists over the past century for the reason that a clear pattern of development has been hard to discern. Unlike the systematic development of the -tone in other Mandarin dialects (Rù-tone Development in Mandarin Dialects), the -tone syllables in Běijīng Mandarin until very recently appeared on the surf…

Cite this page
Chris Wen-chao LI, “Rù 入 Tone Development in Běijīng Mandarin”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_000050>
First published online: 2015

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