Civil servants, training of
(1,591 words)

1. State – administration – civil servants: Basics

With the emergence of the modern state and the concomitant development of a professional government, office-holders attracted more attention, since exercise of sovereignty based on general norms was possible only if an appropriately qualified civil service organized and supervised their implementation (Civil servant). U…

Cite this page
Bruning, Jens, “Civil servants, training of”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 20 July 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_017423>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907



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