Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

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Ibn Paqūda, Baḥya (Abū Isḥāq) ben Joseph
(1,857 words)

Baḥya (Abū Isḥāq) ben Joseph ibn Paqūda was born around 1040, probably in Saragossa, and was a dayyan of its Jewish community, but nothing is known about his life. He was called “the pietist” (Heb. he-ḥasid) and “the master” (Heb. ha-zaqen) and was obviously a man of broad culture. He was a liturgical poet (payṭan), and a number of his piyyuṭim have been preserved in the Sephardi and Italian rites and in the Cairo Geniza. A Neoplatonic work in Judeo-Arabic entitled On the Essence of the Soul (Ar. KitābMaʿānī al-Nafs), attributed to an author named Baḥya, was once thought to be by Ib…

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Joaquín Lomba, “Ibn Paqūda, Baḥya (Abū Isḥāq) ben Joseph”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 20 September 2019
First published online: 2010



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