Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage

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(699 words)

The ubiquitous presence of candles at pilgrimage shrines emerged by the seventh century. As church altars grew from small and austere into larger, more elaborate forms, so too did the number of candles that adorned them. New regulations called for certain numbers of candles to be burning at canonical hours in relation to the Mass. Such rules suggested that tallow or wooden candles (stocks) were to be avoided in favour of beeswax candles that did not smell as bad. This preference, combined with t…

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Sarah Blick, “Candles”, in: Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage. Consulted online on 30 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-2139_emp_SIM_00019>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004181298, 20091023

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