Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage

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(743 words)

During the medieval era, fairs represented one of the most important forms of economic activity in Europe. Fairs evolved out of local markets and were held along pilgrimage routes, quite often where uplands intersected with lowlands, and near where pilgrims congregated for religious festivals. (See also Trade and Pilgrimage). The primary function of fairs was the promotion of trade, and historically, they were created to solve problems of distribution. Fairs provided a vital location for conveying high value goods and were most prevalent in n…

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Wendell Johnson, “Fairs”, in: Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage. Consulted online on 20 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-2139_emp_SIM_00145>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004181298, 20091023

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