Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Cities: Urban Identities: Western Europe
(2,360 words)

Muslims have a long history in Europe, dating back at least to the Moors, but they owe their present-day place in the imagination of the West to two recent, and rather correlated, phenomena: the postwar migratory movements and the post-11 September 2001 radical actions. Muslim immigrants have become residents, members, and citizens of Europe in large numbers and their cultures have become elements of European multiculturalism, albeit controversially.

Beginning in the 1960s, and largely through bilateral agreements, Western Europe received significant numbers of …

Cite this page
Soysal, Levent, “Cities: Urban Identities: Western Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 07 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0216h>
First published online: 2009



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