Constitutions: Sub-Saharan Africa
(1,793 words)

The many countries that make up Sub-Saharan Africa lodge numerous ethnic groups within their borders. Most of these groups still hold to their customary laws, and are Muslims, Christians, or followers of African traditional religions. Gender refers to ways in which masculinity and femininity are constructed, lived, reconstructed, and negotiated by people living in the context of different communities (van Santen and Willemse forthcoming). There may be apparent conflicts between the constitutiona…

Cite this page
Santen, José C. M. van, “Constitutions: Sub-Saharan Africa”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 11 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2009

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