Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Environment: Water and Pollution: Arab States
(1,433 words)

Hagar, the wife of the prophet Abraham, was stranded with her infant son Ishmael in a waterless and hot desert area in today's Mecca. As she was praying and anxiously looking for nourishment for herself and her son between the hills of Safa and Marwah, God caused the spring of Zamzam to be formed. Hagar tried to wall in its water with sand and stones, a divine incident commemorated in a ritual during every Muslim's pilgrimage. Water from Zamzam is available for worshippers in the Masjid al-Ḥara…

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Amery, Hussein A., “Environment: Water and Pollution: Arab States”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 18 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0260a>
First published online: 2009



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