Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Genital Cutting: Africa and the Middle East
(3,189 words)

Female Genital Cutting (FGC) is a complex and a contentious issue. Even the use of terminology is controversial. The terms Female Circumcision (FC), Female Genital Operations or Surgeries (FGOs), Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and Female Genital Cutting all refer to the same procedure. The Un…

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Kassamali, Noor, “Genital Cutting: Africa and the Middle East”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 15 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0169a>
First published online: 2009



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