Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Sufi Orders and Movements: Western Europe
(1,593 words)

The reception of Sufism

When European research about the “Orient” began in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832) included Islamic and especially Sufi motifs in many of his poems, serving to introduce some of the ideas of Islamic mysticism in the West. Founders of European Islamic studies such as Ignaz Go…

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Klinkhammer, Gritt, “Sufi Orders and Movements: Western Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 20 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0149f>
First published online: 2009



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