Religion Past and Present

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(230 words)

[German Version]

Founded in 1889 in the Indian province of Punjāb by Ġulām Aḥmad (1835-1908), Aḥmadīya became one of the most controversial movements in contemporary Islam (Islam). Claiming for its founder messianic and prophetic status, the Aḥmadīya aroused fierce opposition from the Sunni Muslims and was accused of rejecting the Muslim dogma asserting the finality of Muḥammad's prophethood. Under British rule, the controversy was merely a doctrinal dispute. When in 1947 most Aḥmadīs moved to the professedly Islamic state of Pakistan, the issue was transformed into a major…

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Friedmann, Yohanan, “Aḥmadīya”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 31 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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