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(461 words)

[German Version]

name for ancient Jewish Christians that is first found in Iren. Haer. I 26.2 (᾿Έβιωναῖοι, ebiōnaîoi, Aram. form of a Heb. word meaning “poor”; Ebionitae = ecclesiastical Lat.). The origin of the term cannot be determined with certainty. In view of the religious usage of the term in the ancient Near East, the HB (e.g. Jer 20:13; Ps 86:1), the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha (e.g. Pss.Sol. 10:6; 18:2), and the writings from Qumran (e.g. 1QM XI 13, 1QpHab XII 3, 4Q171 II 9), however, the name was probably a religious self-designation. It is possible…

Cite this page
Jones, F. Stanley, “Ebionites,”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 26 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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