Religion Past and Present

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(275 words)

[German Version]

is an African-American religion in Brazil that combines African, Amerindian, Catholic, and spiritualist elements. It is related to Candomblé do Caboclo (Brazil) and Haitian voodoo, and arose through transformation of the religion of the Bantu (known since 1900 as Cabula) under the pressure of urbanization in the 1920s in southeastern Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo). Macumba is the religion of the black lower class. As it spread, it was increasingly condemned by the majority of society because of its magical pra…

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Spliesgart, Roland, “Macumba”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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