Religion Past and Present

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(550 words)

[German Version]

Historical Mali was a 13th- and 14th-century West African empire that covered the area of what are today the republics of Mali, Senegal, Gambia, and Niger. The Malinke were the dominant ethnic group. Islamization, encouraged by trans-Saharan trade, began around the 10th century. Unlike the majority of the population, the Mali emperors (mansas) were Muslims, under whom major centers of Islamic scholarship such as Timbuktu developed. The Republic of Mali (République du Mali) replaced the French colony of …

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Kogelmann, Franz, “Mali”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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