2. Access
3. Personal tools
4. Searching
5. Fonts, special characters and appearance of the text, transliteration table
6. Library administrators
7. Accessibility


Brill Online Reference Works and Brill Online Bibliographies ( and were launched in 2012 and are part of Brill's online resources at

2. Access

Through your institution

The content on this platform is not freely accessible. Most visitors may have access to this platform via a library subscription or purchase of their research institution. In most cases an institutional logo will then be shown on each page. Green rectangles before titles indicate full text access, white rectangles indicate no access, in which case only a small part of the content is shown.

Buy access

It is possible to purchase short term access to the whole platform. Click on the green 'Purchase Access' button or click on the shopping cart on the right top of each page. You may purchase access for 1, 7 or 30 days. Brill has chosen Paypal to handle transactions. This can be done using a Paypal account or by credit card. Access is given on entering a username and password and is strictly personal. After completing a purchase you will receive an e-mail with your access details from Brill directly. The transaction details will be emailed to you by Paypal. Please note that purchases are non-refundable. See Brill's terms and conditions for more information.

3. Personal Tools

Take a minute to register for a personal account and make use of a range of personal tools. Find more information about all personal tools here.

4. Searching

Search Site Contents

Click here to search the complete site content.

See Search Tips for information on searching the platform.

5. Fonts, special characters and appearance of the text, transliteration table

Many of the texts included in BrillOnline include rare, non-standard characters, such as archaic Greek letters. This can be resolved by ensuring that you have the font installed on your computer that includes these characters. The recommended font is Brillonline: Brillonline Roman and Brillonline Italic.

The Transliteration Table shows how Arab characters are transliterated into Latin script.

6. Library Administrators

Manage account details

Go to Brill Subscriber Services []. Log in with your administrator username and password. (Contact for more information). Brill Subscriber Services enables you to:

  • Manage your subscriptions
  • Manage access details
  • OpenURL preferences
  • Maintain Shibboleth data
  • Upload an institutional logo
  • Create and download usage reports. Brill Online Reference Works is COUNTER compliant and offers COUNTER statistics.

MARC Files

Brill has MARC21 records available for the Brill’s Online Reference Works and Brill’s Online Bibliographies. Each record contains a link to the electronic version of the corresponding title. This link is recorded in the 856-field using registered DOI's (for more information see
When new content is uploaded, the corresponding MARC21 files will be updated accordingly.

  • Click here to go directly to complete MARC record download for Brill’s Online Reference Works.
  • Click here to go directly to complete MARC record download for Brill’s Online Bibliographies.
  • Click here to go directly to complete MARC record and excel overview download for The Hague Academy Collected Courses Online.

7. Accessibility

The following guidelines were used wherever possible:


Equality & Human Rights Commission Website accessibility guidance (PAS78): Accessibility-Statement

Principles of graceful degradation will be applied where user experience can be improved with non-compliant techniques. This will ensure that accessible alternatives are available for all core functionality.

The following technical standards are employed: 

  • XHTML: Extensible HyperText Markup Language
  • CSS: Cascading Style Sheets
  • Microformats – where appropriate the following microformats may be used:
    • rel-tag for keywords.
    • hCard for people and organizations
    • xFolk for bookmarks/reading lists.
    • Javascript
    • Atom for feeds/syndication

Browser Support

BrillOnline Primary Sources is best viewed with the following browsers:

  • Chrome 70 or higher
  • Firefox 60.0.0 or higher
  • Safari 5.0.0 or higher
  • Windows 10 Edge
Older browser versions and other browsers are not fully supported and may cause limited functionality.