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 Cxovreba mepet mepisa Davitisi

(961 words)

Author(s): Abashidze, Medea D.
Cxovreba Davit IV Agmasheneblisa Life of David, King of kings Life of David, King of kings Date: Early 12th century Original Language: Georgian Description The Life of David provides significant evidence for the period of Seljuk domination in Georgia and the whole of Transcaucasia in the late 11th and early 12th century. The work describes the ruin of the country and the disasters that befell the Georgian people. Written in the first quarter of the 12th century, the work is a panegyric tracing the life of King David IV. It describes how, as the only son of King George …

 Cxorebaj da c’amebaj c’midisa moc’amisa k’ost’ant’isi kartvelisaj, romeli ic’ama babiloelta mepisa dzaparis mier

(1,169 words)

Author(s): Abashidze, Medea D.
Vita Constantini HiberiThe Life and Passion of the holy martyr Kostanti the Kartvelian, who was tortured by Jaʿfar, King of the Babylonians, The Life and Passion of Kostanti-Kaxay An anonymous monk from Kartli (Georgia) Date: Probably late 9th c. Original Language: Arabic Description The Life of Kostanti-Kaxay is a short work, occupying just nine pages of Abuladze’s critical edition. It is a source for the period of Arab rule in eastern Caucasia and the situation in the southwestern Georgian regions during the era of the early Kartvelian Bagratids. The Life traces this Georgian sain…

Historians of Tʿamar Queen of queens

(433 words)

Author(s): Abashidze, Medea D.
Historians of Queen Tʿamar Date of Birth: Mid-12th century Place of Birth: Georgia Date of Death: Probably mid-13th century Place of Death: Georgia Biography There is no certain information about either of the two scholars known as the Historians of Queen Tʿamar, except that they were both living during Tʿamar’s reign (1184-1213) and wrote their works in the decades following. The first historian was evidently highly educated. He was familiar with Western and Eastern literature, and also with details of world history, and he wrote prose of a highly wroug…

Stepane of Tbeti

(344 words)

Author(s): Abashidze, Medea D.
Stepane Mtbevari Date of Birth: Mid 9th century Place of Birth: Georgia Date of Death: 10th century Place of Death: Georgia Biography Stepane Mtbevari was the first 10th-century bishop of Tbeti. Educated in many languages, he was a leading figure in the Tao-Klarjeti literary school, and a famed writer and hagiographer in the Georgian Church of the period. There is no firm evidence about the year of his death, but it has been traditionally placed in the third decade of the 10th century. As well as writing the Martyrdom of Mikael-Gobron, he also played an important role in church lif…

An anonymous monk from Kartli (Georgia)

(213 words)

Author(s): Abashidze, Medea D.
The Life and Passion of Kostanti-Kaxay Date of Birth: Unknown, probably 9th c. Place of Birth: Probably Kartli (Georgia) Date of Death: Unknown, probably late 9th c. Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing is known about the author’s personal circumstances, except that he was a monk and that he lived during the reign of the Byzantine Empress Theodora (r. 842-67), at the time when Muslims were carrying out persecutions of the Christian population throughout Kartli, Georgia, as can be deduced from his work The life and passion of Kostanti-Kaxay. He was acquainted with Christian lite…

 Istoriani da azmani sharavandedtʿani (first historian)Tsxovreba mepʿetʿ mepʿisa Tʿamarisi (second historian)

(969 words)

Author(s): Abashidze, Medea D.
‘History and eulogies of the crowned one’ (first historian); ‘The life of Queen of queens Tʿamar’ (second historian) Historians of Tʿamar Queen of queens Date: Both in the 13th century, probably before 1350 Original Language: Georgian Description Composed by contemporaries of Queen Tʿamar, the histories each trace her reign from her coronation to her death, drawing vivid pictures of Georgia’s development as a unified state and its military glory, its political and economic progress, and the prosperity of its ecclesiastical and secu…

Life of David, King of kings

(254 words)

Author(s): Abashidze, Medea D.
Unknown author Date of Birth: Mid-11th century Place of Birth: Georgia Date of Death: Mid-12th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography The anonymous author of The Life of David was a contemporary of King David IV of Georgia (1073-1125) and his faithful follower, known to him personally and therefore able to give a vivid account of his life. He was acquainted with both eastern and western history, culture and literature. His sources included narrative works, such as those of Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nazianzius and Josephus, and he makes frequent use of Aristobulus’ History of Alexa…

 Camebay cmidisa motsamisa Gobronisa, romeli ganiqvanes qvelis cixit

(681 words)

Author(s): Abashidze, Medea D.
The Martyrdom of St Mikael-Gobron Stepane of Tbeti Date: 914-18 Original Language: Georgian Description The relatively short Martyrdom of Mikael-Gobron and his 133 companions affords insights into Arab action in eastern Georgia in the early 10th century. Stepane Mtbevari, who was a contemporary of Mikael-Gobron, describes the punitive expeditions of Abū l-Qāsim Yūsuf ibn Abī l-Sāj in the Caucasus region, when he ravaged Armenia and Caucasian Albania, and then went on to Georgia, passing through Kartli before reaching Samtsxe-Java…