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Kabīr

(563 words)

Author(s): Asani, Ali S.
, North Indian mystic and poet (d. ca. 1448). Although Kabīr is regarded as one of the most influential saint-poets of mediaeval Northern India, there is very little authentic information concerning his life. We can reliably state that he was born in Benares to a family of low-caste Muslim weavers called d̲j̲ulāhā s, probably in the opening years of the 9th/15th century. Beyond this, various hagiographies of Kabīr, depending on the authors’ sectarian affiliation, make competing claims that he was a Muslim Ṣūfī, a Hindu with …

Kabīr

(594 words)

Author(s): Asani, Ali S.
, mystique et poète de l’Inde du Nord (m. vers 852/1448). Bien que Kabīr soit considéré comme un des plus influents saints-poètes de l’Inde septentrionale médiévale, on dispose de peu d’informations avérées sur sa vie. On peut avancer qu’il naquit, sans doute dans les premières années du IXe/XVe s., à Bénarès, dans une famille musulmane de basse caste de tisserands, appelée d̲j̲ulāhās. Outre cela, les hagiographies varices de Kabīr, selon l’affiliation sectaire de l’auteur, s’efforçaient de prouver que cela avait été un Musulman ṣūfī, ou un Hindou suivant…