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ʿAbd Allāh

(245 words)

Author(s): Basset, R.
b. Mūsā b. Nuṣair, eldest son of the famous conqueror of the Mag̲h̲rib and of Spain. He was entrusted by his father, when the latter set out for Spain, with the administration of Ifrīḳīya (93 = 711). He likewise took his father’s place when the latter, having been denounced by Ṭāriḳ, left for the East, whence he never returned. Involved in the downfall of his family brought about by the caliph Sulaimān, who could not see without distrust one son of Mūsā (ʿAbd Allāh) the governor of Ifrīḳīya, anothe…

Kaʿb b. Zuhair

(433 words)

Author(s): Basset, R.
, son of the celebrated poet and author of a Muʿallaḳa, Zuhair b. Abī Salmā, and of Kabs̲h̲a bint ʿAmmār. Poetic talent seems to have been one of the privileges of the family, for, not to speak of Kaʿb and his father, we have verses by eleven of its members, including the famous Tumād̲h̲ir (al-Ḵh̲ansā). We do not know the date of his birth; he was the eldest of three brothers, the other two being Bud̲j̲air and Sālim. Traditions, more than suspicious, report that he early gave proof of his poetic talents, …


(108 words)

Author(s): Basset, R.
(other forms: Ait̲h̲, At̲h̲, At) is a Berber word signifying “sons of”, used exclusively in compound proper names, like Banū and Awlād in Arabic. It is only used however by three groups of Berber tribes: in Algiers by the Kabyles of the Ḏj̲urd̲j̲ura (e. g. Ait̲h̲. Yenni, Ait̲h̲ Iraten); in Morocco by the Berbers of the Central Atlas (Ait Atta, Ait ʿAyās̲h̲), and by those of the Sūs and the Wēd Draʿa (Ait Bū ʿAmran). Elsewhere (in the western Sahara) the words Ida (Ida Bū Akil), or Kēl (Touareg), or also the Arabic words Beni (= Banū) or Oulad (= Awlād) are in use. (R. Basset)

Abū Yazīd

(616 words)

Author(s): Basset, R.
b. Kaidād, a Ḵh̲ārid̲j̲ite, who imperiled the Fāṭimide dynasty at its very beginning. His real name was Muk̲h̲lad b. Kaidād, he belonged to the Banū Warkū, a subdivision of the Zanāta tribe, and was born at Kawkaw, in the Sudan, where his father was engaged in business. He embraced very early the Ḵh̲ārid̲j̲ite doctrines of the Nekkārites and propagated them at Taḳyūs, where he lived practicing the profession of schoolmaster. Having become suspected on different occasions, he departed to the East;…


(802 words)

Author(s): Basset, R.
, name of two towns in Northern Africa: 1. A town generally designated under the name of Ṭobna, the ruins of which still exist four kilometres to the south of Bariḳa, in the department of Constantine, at an elevation of 460 metres (about 1182 feet), on the quaternary plateau which separates the Wādī Bariḳa from the Wādī Baitam. It was a flourishing town known as Thubunae in the time of the Romans but was destroyed by the Vandals; it was restored by the Byzantines, ¶ who built a castle there the ruins of which may yet be seen. According to tradition, it was conquered by Mūsā b. …


(156 words)

Author(s): Basset, R.
, Berber tribal name meaning free man (pl. Imazīg̲h̲en) and used in this sense in the Rīf, in S̲h̲ilḥa, in S̲h̲āwiya, at Demnat, in the Ḳṣūr of South Oranais, at G̲h̲dāmes and in the Ḏj̲ebel Nefūsa. The feminine ( Tamazīg̲h̲t) denotes the Berber language in the same dialects. In accordance with the rules of the permutation of consonants, the z is represented by an h in most of the Tuareg dialects (hence Amaheg̲h̲, pl. Imohag̲h̲ in Ahaggar), or by a s̲h̲ or a z̲h̲. These dinstictions can be traced in antiquity: in the name of Mas̲h̲uas̲h̲a, a Berber tribe which invaded Egypt under the 19th dynasty,…