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Bruni, Leonardo

(1,534 words)

Author(s): Bezner, Frank (Berkeley)
A. Life and workThe Italian Humanist and politician Leonardus Aretinus (Leonardo B.) was born around 1370 at Arezzo and died on March 9, 1444 at Florence. He lived in Florence from the 1390s, becoming part of the Humanist network centred on the Florentine chancellor Coluccio Salutati, whose interest in both Humanism and politics was one crucial influence on B.'s intellectual agenda, the other being B.'s study of Greek with Manuel Chrysoloras (from around 1397). In 1405, B. became apostolic secretar…
Date: 2016-11-24

Poggio Bracciolini, Gian Francesco

(1,542 words)

Author(s): Bezner, Frank (Berkeley)
A. Life and workPoggius Florentinus (the forename Gian/Giovanni Francesco, Latin Johannes Franciscus, is problematic if not downright spurious) was born on February 11, 1380 at Terranuova, and died on October 30, 1459. He was an Italian Humanist, writer and translator who became an official of the Roman Curia and Chancellor of Florence. After a youth marked by many privations, this son of an apothecary went to Florence, where he worked as a copyist while training to be a notary. He soon became famo…
Date: 2016-11-24

Valla, Lorenzo

(1,593 words)

Author(s): Bezner, Frank (Berkeley)
A. Life and workThe Italian Humanist and philologist Laurentius V. (or della Valle; Vallensis) was probably born in 1406 at Rome, the son of a senior official at the papal Curia, and died on August 1, 1457, also at Rome. Because the University of Rome was closed at the time following the Sack of Rome, V. for the most part educated himself and taught himself the ancient languages, for which he was much admired. As a young man around 1430, he tried to enter the Curia, but the outspokenness of his campaign was excessive and he was rebuffed. The ensuing phase as professor of eloquence at Pavia ( c. 1431…
Date: 2016-11-24