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Muḥammad al-Bāqir

(2,028 words)

Author(s): Buckley, Ron P.
Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Bāqir (d. 114/732 or 117/735), commonly referred to as Abū Jaʿfar, was the fifth Imām of the Twelver branch of Shīʿī Islam (the Ithnā ʿashariyya). His epithet, “al-Bāqir,” an abbreviation of bāqir al-ʿilm (“the one who opens knowledge”), reflects his status as a distinguished religious scholar. He is credited with laying the doctrinal and legal foundations of Twelver Shīʿism, which were further systematically elaborated by his son and successor to the Imāmate, Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (d. 148/765). Al-Bāqir was born in Medina in 57/677 and resided there all his …
Date: 2020-02-11

Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq

(5,499 words)

Author(s): Buckley, Ron P.
Jaʿfar  al-Ṣādiq (“the trustworthy”) (c. 83-148/702-65) is the sixth Imām of the Twelver branch of Shīʿī Islam (the Ithnā ʿashariyya), often simply referred to as the Shīʿa, and the eponym of the Twelver school of law (the Jaʿfarī madhhab). He is the most important figure connected with the propagation of a specifically Shīʿī corpus of ḥadīth (“traditions”) comprising religio-legal norms, doctrinal statements, and theology. He was also a major figure within Twelver Shīʿī and Sunnī Ṣūfī Qurʾānic exegesis and a number of independent commentaries are attributed to him. The …
Date: 2018-08-14