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 Gesta Francorum et aliorum Hierosolimitanorum

(1,635 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
Gesta FrancorumThe deeds of the Franks and of others going to Jerusalem Gesta Francorum Date: Probably 1099 Original Language: Latin Description A little less than 20,000 words in length and occupying 97 pages in its most recent Oxford Medieval Texts edition, the Gesta Francorum et aliorum Hierosolimitanorum is a Latin prose history of the First Crusade between its preaching in France by Pope Urban II and the key events of the summer of 1099, that is, the crusaders’ capture of Jerusalem from Egyptian forces on 15 July and their defeat of a …

Gesta Francorum

(979 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
Unknown author Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown; possibly southern Italy Date of Death: Unknown; possibly late 11th or early 12th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing is known about the author of the Gesta Francorum other than what can be inferred from the text, which in fact amounts to very little. Since the time of Heinrich von Sybel and Heinrich Hagenmeyer’s researches into the text in the 19th century, however, a quite full biography has been constructed. The general belief has been that the author was a knight of Norman descent from …

Peter Tudebode

(535 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
Petrus Tudebodus, Petrus Tudebovis Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown, probably western France in or near Poitou Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing is known about the historical figure of Peter Tudebode, other than what can be gleaned from a handful of autobiographical references in the text of his Historia. In three of the four surviving manuscripts his name is rendered as Petrus sacerdos Tudebovis Sivracensis. Since the first discovery and championing of the Historia by the 17th-century Poitevin scholar Jean Besly, ‘ Sivracensis’ has usual…

 Historia de Hierosolymitano itinere

(1,156 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
The history of the journey/pilgrimage to Jerusalem Peter Tudebode Date: Written in two phases, 1099-c.1101, and c.1101-c.1110 Original Language: Latin Description About 23,000 words in length and occupying 119 pages in its most recent edition, the Historia de Hierosolymitano itinere is a Latin prose history of the First Crusade between its preaching in France by Pope Urban II and the climax of the expedition in July and August 1099, when the crusaders captured Jerusalem and then defeated an Egyptian relief force at Ascalon on 12 Augu…

 Historia Iherosolimitana

(1,265 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
Jerusalemite HistoryHistory of the First Crusade Robert the Monk Date: c. 1107 Original Language: Latin Description Occupying about 160 pages in its RHC edition, the Historia Iherosolimitana is a Latin history of the First Crusade between the launching of the crusade at the Council of Clermont in November 1095, and the battle of Ascalon on 12 August 1099. The text is about 35,000 words in length and is divided into nine books, which probably reflects the author’s original design; most of the text is in prose, but there a…

Robert the Monk

(565 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
Robertus Monachus, Robert of Reims Date of Birth: Unknown; mid-11th century Place of Birth: Unknown; probably north-eastern France Date of Death: 1122 or soon after (if the identification of the author with Abbot Robert of St-Rémi is accepted) Place of Death: Unknown Biography The only information that the text of the Historia Iherosolimitana itself reveals about its author is that he was named Robert, that he was a monk, almost certainly of the monastery of St-Rémi, Reims in Champagne, and that he attended the Council of Clermont in November 109…

 Historia Hierosolymitana

(1,635 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
Gesta Francorum Iherusalem peregrinantiumThe Jerusalem historyThe deeds of the Franks on pilgrimage to Jerusalem Fulcher of Chartres Date: 1101-27 Original Language: Latin Description The Historia Hierosolymitana is an important historical text in two chief respects. First, alongside the anonymous Gesta Francorum et aliorum Hierosolimitanorum (q.v.) and Raymond of Aguiler’s (q.v.) Liber, it is one of the three so-called ‘eyewitness’ Latin narratives of the First Crusade. Second, unlike the other two texts, whose accounts end in 1099, Fulcher ex…

The Western narratives of the First Crusade

(4,078 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
The templates for western European historical writing themed around the crusades were established by the exceptional outpouring of historiographical material in the wake of the First Crusade (1095-1101). Modern historians of the First Crusade have at their disposal a greater range and depth of narrative source material than that available for any series of events or processes of comparable duration in ancient or medieval history. 1  The accounts of the campaigns of Alexander the Great are perhaps the most directly analogous corpus, but the texts that survive t…

Fulcher of Chartres

(792 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
Fulcherius Carnotensis Date of Birth: 1058 or 1059 Place of Birth: Northern France; probably the Chartrain or Orléanais Date of Death: 1127 or 1128 Place of Death: Probably Jerusalem Biography Fulcher of Chartres was born in 1058 or 1059, probably in or near Chartres in northern France. He may have been a member of the cathedral clergy at Chartres and could have known the reformer Bishop Ivo (1090-1115), but this is less than certain. His standard of Latinity and knowledge of classical texts suggest a good level of education…