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 Historia critica philosophiae

(1,631 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
‘The history of philosophy’ Johann Jakob Brucker Date: 1742-4 Original Language: Latin DescriptionBrucker’s Historia critica philosophiae: a mundi incunabulis ad nostram usque aetatem deducta was first published in 1742-4 in five volumes, each around 1,000 pages in length, with a second expanded edition in six volumes published in 1766-7. The work is set out chronologically, assessing various philosophical systems in their relationship to Christianity. Brucker also prepared an abbreviated version in Latin, Institutiones historiae philosophicae (1747; 884 pages), and …

Johann Jakob Brucker

(557 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Date of Birth: 21 January 1696 Place of Birth: Augsburg Date of Death: 26 November 1770 Place of Death: Augsburg BiographyJohann Jakob Brucker was born into a tailor’s family in Augsburg, where he attended St Anna’s Grammar School. In 1715, he went to university in Jena, where he studied under Johann Franz Buddeus and Johann Andreas Danz, who taught him Oriental languages (Hamilton, ‘“To rescue the honour”’, pp. 188-9). He returned to Augsburg in 1720, and in 1723 became the Lutheran pastor for Dreifaltigkeitskirch…

 Carta das Novas. Que vieram a el rey nosso senhor do descobrimento do Preste Joham

(1,328 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
‘Letter of news, which was sent to the our lord the king, concerning the discovery of Prester John’‘The discovery of Abyssinia by the Portuguese in 1520’ Diogo Lopes de Sequeira Date: 1521 Original Language: Portuguese Description Carta das novas. Que vieram a el rei nossi senhor do descobrimento do Preste Jo ão is a thin folio of 14 leaves in two quires, signed A (eight leaves) and B (six leaves), which was probably published by Germão Galharde in Lisbon in 1521 (Thomas and Cortesão,  Discovery of Abyssinia, p. xiv).  Its contents are based on the report received by King Manuel…

 Carta de António Caiado para cum amigo

(626 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Carta de António Caiado para cum amigo‘Letter from António Caiado to a friend’ António Caiado Date: 22 March 1561 Original Language: Portuguese Description Carta de Ant ónio Caiado para cum amigo is a letter from Caiado to an unknown friend who was also living in eastern Africa. It contains a first-hand account of the death of Dom Gonçalo de Silveira, a Jesuit killed during his mission to Monomotapa on 15-16 March 1561, and the events leading up to it. The letter is 93 lines long, and in the edition by da Silva Rego it takes up three pages. There are nine known manuscript copies. Caiado consis…

Martyrologies included in Girk` patmut`eants` sharadreal Vardapetin Aŗak`el Dawrēzhets`woy, Aŗak`el Dawrizhets`i

(39 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Date of Death: Place of Death: Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations John Chesworth

 Tełagir Verin Hayots

(715 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
‘The topography of Upper Armenia’ Yakob Karnetsi, Hakob Karnetsi, Jacob d’Erzeroum Date: 1668 Original Language: Armenian Description Tełagir Verin Hayots (‘The topography of Upper Armenia’) was written in 1668 by Yakob Karnec‘i and concerns the area around Erzerum. The first published edition, in 1903, Patmut‘iwn S. Astuatzin ekełetswoyn Karnoy, edited by Karapet Kostaneants‘ (1853-1920), and based on a manuscript that is now lost, is 75 pages long and omits repetitious material. This edition was translated into French and annotated by Fré…

Yakob Karnec‘i

(222 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Yakob Karnetsi, Hakob Karnetsi, Jacob d’Erzeroum Date of Birth: 1618 Place of Birth: Karin, Erzerum Date of Death: Unknown; after 1672 Place of Death: Unknown Biography Yakob Karnec‘i was born in Karin, Erzerum, and is believed to have spent most of his life in his native city. He was a priest and the son of a priest. He was also a historian who wrote a topography of ‘Upper’ Armenia ( Tełagir Verin Hayots), concerning the province of Erzerum. His other works include a chronology covering the period 1482-1672; Kevork Bardakjian regards ‘the years 1627-72 [as] authent…

 Diário da viagem de Vasco da Gama

(1,358 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Diário da viagem de Vasco da Gama‘Journal of the voyage of Vasco da Gama’ Diário da viagem de Vasco da Gama Date: Early 16th century Original Language: Portuguese Description The manuscript of  Diário da viagem de Vasco da Gama was found at the Convent of the Holy Cross, Coimbra, by Alexandre Herculano in 1834. It is thought to be an early 16th- century copy of a now-lost original, with no title page or other autograph to identify the author. In Ames’s translation, the text is 90 pages long. There has been much speculation as to which one of da Gama’s crew wrote the diary. Kopke, e…

António Caiado

(335 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Biography Little is known about António Caiado (sometimes spelt Cayado), apart from the fact that he was living in eastern Africa during the second half of the 16th century. He seems to have been a trader. Contemporary references from Luís Fróis (da Silva Rego, Documents, p. 43) say that he was Portuguese and a good friend of the King of Monomotapa, and that he acted as intermediary and interpreter for Dom Gonçalo de Silveira. His own letter to a friend describing the events leading to the death of Dom Gonçalo includes the detail that he was a Christian (da Silva Rego,  Documents, p. 7), and …

‘Voyage from Lisbon to Calicut’

(43 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Navigatione de Lisbona a Callichut Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Date of Death: Place of Death: Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Navigatione de Lisbona a Callichut John Chesworth

Jacques Abbadie

(970 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Date of Birth: Probably 1654 Place of Birth: Nay, Béarn, south-west France Date of Death: 25 September 1727 Place of Death: London BiographyJacques Abbadie was born to Pierre and Violente Abbadie, a Protestant Huguenot family. In 1673, he started at the Academy of Montauban-Puylaurens, and then went to the Academy of Saumur to study theology, receiving his doctorate in divinity from the Academy of Sedan in March 1680. He was appointed to the French Church in Berlin, at the invitation of the Elector of Brandenburg, an…

 Determinação de letrados

(469 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
'Conclusions of the men of learning' ‘Conclusions of the men of learning’ Date: 1569 Original Language: Portuguese Description In January 1569, a committee of the Mesa da Consciencia e Ordens (‘Board of Conscience and Orders’), comprising six scholars, met in Almeirim, Portugal, to come to a decision about an appropriate response to the murder of the Jesuit missionary Gonçalo da Silveira, who had been killed on the orders of the king of Monomotapa (in present day Zimbabwe), in 1561. The king had abandoned Christianity under…

Gian Francesco Abela

(399 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Giovanni Francesco Abela Date of Birth: 1582 Place of Birth: Valetta, Malta Date of Death: 4 May 1655 Place of Death: Valetta Biography Gian Francesco Abela was born in Valetta in 1582 into an aristocratic family. He studied in Portugal at a college of the Society of Jesus. In 1602, he became secretary to an embassy to Madrid, and then travelled to Italy, where he secured a doctorate in law at Bologna. He was ordained in 1610, subsequently serving as a diplomat and administrator in Malta and on missions abroad. In 162…

Diogo Lopes

(727 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Diogo Lopes de Sequeira Date of Birth: 1466 Place of Birth: Alandroal, Portugal Date of Death: 14 October 1530 Place of Death: Alandroal, Portugal Biography Diogo Lopes de Sequeira was of noble birth and a supporter of King Manuel I of Portugal (r. 1495-1521). In 1508, he was sent by the king to Madagascar in order to assess its commercial potential. He continued on eastwards and he landed at Malacca in 1509, leaving when a plot by the local sultan, Mahmud Shah, to assassinate him was uncovered in 1510. He was appointed as the fourth governor of India by King Manuel in 1518 and held…

 The baptizing of a Turke

(1,805 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
- Meredith Hanmer Date: 1586 Original Language: English Description The baptizing of a Turke (in full,  The baptizing of a Turke. A sermon preached at the Hospitall of Saint Katherin, adioyning vnto her Maiesties Towre the 2. of October 1586. at the baptizing of one Chinano a Turke, borne at Nigropontus: by Meredith Hanmer, D. of Diuinitie) is the printed version of a sermon delivered by Meredith Hanmer on 2 October 1586 at St Katherine’s Hospital on the occasion of the baptism of Chinano, a convert from Islam. He was originally from Negropontus (Eu…

Determinação de letrados

(40 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
‘Conclusions of the men of learning’ Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Date of Death: Place of Death: Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Determinação de letrados John Chesworth

Meredith Hanmer

(474 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Biography Meredith Hanmer was born to Thomas Hanmer and his wife at Brogynton (Porkington) near Oswestry on the Welsh borders, in 1543. Nothing is known of his childhood, until he became a student at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, graduating with a BA in 1568, MA in 1572, subsequently BTh in 1581 and DTh in 1582. He first became an Anglican chaplain in 1567 whilst still at Oxford, later becoming a vicar in a number of parishes in England and Wales, including two in London. He translated works of early church history, including Eusebius, first published as  Ancient ecclesiasticall histories …

 Navigatione de Lisbona a Callichut

(1,313 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Navigatione de Lisbona a Callichut‘Voyage from Lisbon to Calicut’ Navigatione de Lisbona a Callichut Date: Early 16th century Original Language: Italian Description In 1500, Manuel I, King of Portugal, commissioned a fleet of 12 ships to be sent to India and East Africa. The expedition was to be led by Pedro Álvares Cabral and included some Franciscan friars and clergy, who were to remain in India. The king instructed Cabral to build a factory in Calicut, to establish relations with Christian kingdoms in India and to…

 Semler’s writings about Islam

(790 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
- Johann Salomo Semler Date: 1759-60 Original Language: German DescriptionAlthough Semler is primarily known for his work on developing biblical criticism and rationalism, he also had an interest in Islam. This is particularly obvious in his preface to vol. 19 of  Allgemeinen Welthistorie (1759) and his preface to Friedrich Eberhard Boysen’s  Kritische Erleuterungen des Grundtextes der heiligen Schriften Altes Testaments (1760).  While he was still a student, Semler assisted Baumgarten with the preparation of the early volumes of  Allgemeine Welthistorie, a translation of A…

Johann Heinrich Callenberg

(671 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Date of Birth: 12 January 1694 Place of Birth: Molschleben, near Gotha, Germany Date of Death: 16 July 1760 Place of Death: Halle BiographyJohann Heinrich Callenberg was born into a peasant family in Molschleben, near Gotha. He attended school in Gotha and then studied Protestant theology and philology at Halle from 1715 to 1719. He was influenced in Gotha by the Pietist preacher Johann Müller (1649-1727), the author of  Das Licht am Abend (‘Light at evening’) (1736), and in Halle by August Hermann Francke (1663-1727). As well as guiding him towards Pietism, they st…
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