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 Vkayabanut‘iwn nor vkayic‘n K‘ristosi Margarē sarkawagin ew Šahrəmanin

(1,520 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
‘Martyrology of the neomartyrs of Christ, the Deacon Margarē and Šahrəman’ Simēon (Tigranakertc‘i) Date: 1580 Original Language: Armenian Description The text on which the critical edition rests derives from an apograph commissioned by the editors from Astuacatur Xač‘atrean, a teacher at the Sanasarian Academy in Erzurum, copied from a menologium in the school library. The document is short, eight pages in the critical edition and four pages in the Russian translations. The narrative begins with a historical introduction describing the impact of the anti-Safavid wa…

Martyrology of Xac̆‘atur Kołbec‘i in 1517

(93 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Biography The author does not identify himself/herself in the narrative nor does he/she make any indirect allusions that might clarify his/her provenance and background. Taking into account the norms of this type of narrative, it might plausibly be argued that it was composed by a monk or vardapet (doctor of theology) in Amid. Primary Sources of Information The only source directly associated with the author is the martyrology itself. Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Yišatak srboyn Xač‘atroy or i yAmit‘ katarec‘aw Peter Cowe

 Yišatak srboyn Xač‘atroy or i yAmit‘ katarec‘aw

(1,103 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Yišatak srboyn Xač‘atroy or i yAmit‘ katarec‘aw‘Commemoration of St Xač‘atur who died at Amid’ Martyrology of Xac̆‘atur Kołbec‘i in 1517 Date: 1517 Original Language: Armenian Description A copy of this short text is found in a manuscript dated 1704, where it takes up only one part of a folio; the critical edition is three pages long. The work is a martyrology of an Armenian from the district of Kołb who relocated to Amid some years before the events that led to his death. Entering the market to buy bread, he was accosted by two soldiers who asked wh…

 Ołb ew otanawor tał i veray Ewdokia meci k‘ałak‘i

(902 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
‘Lament and verse tał poem on the great city of Eudocia (T‘ok‘at‘)’ Step‘anos T‘ok‘at‘ec‘i Date: 1604 Original Language: Armenian Description Ołb ew otanawor tał i veray Ewdokia meci k‘ałak‘i is a poem of 264 lines of eight syllables divided into four-line stanzas with monorhyme. It is introduced by a brief prose contextualisation situating the piece within the Celali revolt of 1595-1610, and focusing more particularly on 1602 and the activities of Deli Hasan, brother of the instigator Karayazıcı Abdülhalim. The author des…

 I holovel žamanakii

(1,334 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Ołb vasn aṙman Erusałēmi‘As time revolves’, 'Lament on the capture of Jerusalem’ Nersēs Mokac‘i Date: Before 1622 Original Language: Armenian Description I holovel žamanakii (‘As time revolves’) is a lament in verse on the fall of Jerusalem to Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn in 1187 and the precipitation of the Third Crusade (1189-92). It comprises 396 octasyllabic lines grouped in four-line stanzas, divided into two sections. The first has a rhyme in  -in (lines 1-336), rehearsing the historical subject matter, while the second, with a rhyme in  -an (lines 337-96), appends Nersēs’ interpretati…

Nersēs Mokac‘i

(422 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Date of Birth: Around 1575 Place of Birth: Asknǰaws village, Mokk (south of Lake Van) Date of Death: 1625 Place of Death: Lim island, Lake Van Biography Nersēs received his elementary education from his paternal uncle, the vardapet Hayrapet, after which he continued his studies in philosophy and theology with Barseł Gawaṙac‘i at Amrdolu Monastery near Bałēš (Bitlis), which at the time was a thriving centre of higher learning. While on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1609, he received from his teacher the staff that symbolised his abil…

Simēon (Tigranakertc‘i)

(212 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Date of Birth: Probably first half of the 16th century Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Late 16th or early 17th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography The author only identifies himself in the final paragraph of his narrative. Apart from providing his name, he indicates that his account is based on what he had seen and heard, expanding the latter comment to state that his reference to the appearance of a bright light over the place of martyrdom in the morning three days after the event is based on a report given h…

 Patmut‘iwn nahatakut‘ean Dawt‘i Sebastac‘woy

(1,342 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
‘Versified narrative of the martyrdom of Dawit‘ Sebastac‘i’ Mik‘ayēl son of the scribe Barłam Date: 1682 Original Language: Armenian Description This work is a  tał poem of 364 lines of 11 syllables arranged in four-line verses with stanzaic rhyme. An acrostic composed of the first letters of lines 312-23 incorporates the author’s ‘signature’, spelling out the phrase ‘Mik‘ayili ban e’ (‘This is Mik‘ayēl’s discourse’). A continuation of the verse then treats the related martyrology of Gaspar Kṛuan who gained the courage…

 Martyrologies included in Patmagrut‘iwn

(2,885 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Martyrologies included in Patmagrut‘iwn Zak‘aria of K‘anak‘eṛ Date: 1699 Original Language: Armenian Description In his chronicle  Patmagrut iwn, Zak‘aria K‘anak‘eṛc‘i included three martyrologies. These record the circumstances of the arrest, trial and death of three Armenians, in different places and at different times during the 17th century. The first,  Nahatakut‘iwn Galust eric‘un (‘Martyrdom of the Priest Galust’), takes up four pages of the editions, and records events that occurred in 1640. An Armenian couple from the district of Basen…

Karapet Bałis̆ec‘i

(523 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Biography Relatively little research has been expended on this poet and his output, and the task ahead is complicated by problems of ascription of works and references mainly in manuscript colophons that probably belong to a number of homonymous figures who are accorded the epithet Bałisec‘i, associating them with the city of Bitlis and its environs. In addition to his being born in this region, we know that Karapet Bałis̆ec‘i’s father was named Step‘anos and his mother Alamšah, and that he had a…

 Stampōloy patmut‘iwn

(544 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
‘History of Constantinople’ Eremia Č‘ēlēpi K‘ēōmiwrčean Date: 1684 Original Language: Armenian Description This verse composition was started in 1661, put aside for 20 years, and finally completed in 1684. Divided into eight long chapters, its 2,084 lines are composed in a simple register of Classical Armenian replete with Turkish, Arabic and Persian loanwords, its topographical description enlivened by a mixture of popular tales and legends. Of minor literary merit, the account gains salience through the i…

Martyrology of Saruxan Hizanc‘i

(44 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Date of Death: Place of Death: Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations I smin awur vkayabanut‘iwn ew yišatak ē nor vkayin K‘ristosi srboyn Saruxani Peter Cowe

 Martyrologies included in Girk` patmut`eants`

(5,376 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Martyrologies included in Girk` patmut`eants` Aṛak`el Dawrizhets`i, Aṛak`el Dawrižec`i, Aṛak`el of Tabriz Date: 1669 Original Language: Armenian Description Aṛak`el Dawrizhets`i includes seven martyrologies in  Girk` patmut`eants` sharadreal Vardapetin A ak`el Dawrēzhets`woy. These record the circumstances of the arrest, trial and death of seven Armenians, in different places and at different times during the 17th century, presented in chronological order. In each case, reference is given to where the texts can be found in the first edition of Aṛak`el Dawrizhets`i’s  Gir…

(203 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Simēon (Tigranakertc‘i) XXXDT: EditedXXX Date of Birth: Probably first half of the 16th century Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Late 16th or early 17th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography  The author only identifies himself in the final paragraph of his narrative. Apart from providing his name he indicates that his account is based on what he had seen and heard, expanding the latter comment to state that his reference to the appearance of a bright light over the place of martyrdom in the morning three days after t…

 Ołb i veray Ewdokia k‘ałak‘in` or ayžm asi T‘ok‘at‘, zor omn anōrēn Telu Hasan asen or ekaw ayreac‘ ew awereac‘ zašxarhn

(612 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
‘Lament on the city of Eudocia, now called T‘ok‘at‘, which a certain Muslim called Deli Hasan came and set fire to the land and destroyed it’ Yakob T‘ok‘at‘ec‘i Date: 1614-20 Original Language: Armenian Description The work belongs to the category of medieval Armenian political laments, several characteristics of which it manifests. It is composed of 172 octosyllabic lines arranged in four-line verses marked by stanzaic rhyme. Its three sections logically present the impact of the Celali revolt in 1602 on the previously thriving…

 Ōragrut‘iwn

(1,176 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
‘Diary’ Eremia Č‘ēlēpi K‘ēōmiwrčean Date: 1648-62 Original Language: Armenian Description The 17th century marks the inception of diary writing among Armenians, of which Eremia’s work constitutes one of the first examples. He began it at the relatively young age of 11 and the account covers the years 1648-62, recording events, both large and small, in most of which the author was involved at some level. Composed in simple Classical Armenian and possessing no real literary merit, the narrative is neverthele…

 Ołb i veray haruacoc‘ arewelean gawaṙac‘n ew ašxarhin Hayoc‘ i jeṙac‘ čelaleac‘

(1,625 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
‘Lament on the scourge of the eastern provinces and the land of Armenia at the hands of the Celalis’ Azaria Sasnec‘i Date: Around 1611 Original Language: Armenian Description The poem  Ołb i veray haruacoc‘ arewelean gawaṙac‘n ew ašxarhin Hayoc‘ i jeṙac‘ čelaleac‘ consists of 532 octosyllabic lines, the typical form employed for extended narration, organised in four-line stanzas. The published text is not fully intact as the manuscript from which the available edition was made contains a lacuna of uncertain length at line 532. Generica…

 Taregrakan patmut‘iwn

(317 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
‘Historical chronicle’ Eremia Č‘ēlēpi K‘ēōmiwrčean Date: 1693 Original Language: Armenian Description Based in part on Eremia’s diary, this largely unpublished verse chronicle composed in 1692-3, and covering fols 1r-94v in the Venice manuscript, provides a tripartite account of the years 1648-90. Building on the author’s interest in documenting fires, which finds expression in several other works, the first part of the poem treats this subject together with accounts of other natural disasters such as floo…

Yaysm awur vkayabanut‘iun srboyn Nikołayosi

(41 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Date of Death: Place of Death: Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Yaysm awur vkayabanut‘iun srboyn Nikołayosi nor nahatakin K‘ristosi Peter Cowe

 Martyrology of Asul Yarut‘iwn Tplisec‘i

(30 words)

Author(s): Cowe, Peter
Martyrology of Asul Yarut‘iwn Tplisec‘i Georg Axverdean Date: - Original Language: Add Language Description -   Significance -   Publications Studies Keywords Peter Cowe
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